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GOES East and West see the summer solstice

June 21, 2019
GOES East and GOES West full-disks views of the shadows of the summer solstice.

The GOES East and GOES West satellites on Friday simultaneously saw the slanted shadows separating day and night on Earth just minutes after the summer solstice occurred.

Summer solstice is the start of astronomical summer in the Northern Hemisphere and the moment that hemisphere reaches its greatest tilt toward the sun. It occurred today at 11:54 am EDT, when the sun's direct rays reached as far north as they could get, along the Tropic of Cancer, at 23.5 degrees North latitude. Of course, it’s also the longest dayand shortest nightof the year.

The amount of daylight we see depends on our distance from the equator. In Fairbanks, AK, the sun rose today at 2:57 am and will set at 12:47 am. In Miami, it rose at 6:30 am and sets at 8:15 pm.

Notice in this image how the shadow that separates day and night across Earth is highly slanted. That shadow is called the daylight terminator. As the Earth rotates on its axis, the North Pole experiences 24 hours of daylight, or “midnight sun,” while the South Pole is obscured in darkness. The opposite occurs at each pole in December, when the Northern Hemisphere sees its shortest day and longest night of the year.