Karen M. St. Germain, PhD

Director, Office of Systems Architecture and Advanced Planning NOAA/NESDIS

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Dr. Karen St. Germain serves as the Director of the Office of Systems Architecture and Advanced Planning (OSAAP) for NOAA’s Satellite and Information Service. She leads enterprise-level mission architecture development and systems engineering to enable NESDIS to become a flexible, stable and responsive civil space agency in support of NOAA’s mission. Dr. St. Germain is a leader in enterprise-level planning and multi-organizational programs of national significance. She is also an expert in major systems acquisition, with particular proficiency in transitioning new technology into operational systems.

Dr. St. Germain developed a deep understanding of the NESDIS mission as NOAA’s lead for all aspects of system performance during the development of the successful Suomi-NPP system, from 2006 to 2011. In 2011, Dr. St. Germain accepted a position in the Space, Strategic and Intelligence Systems (SSI) Office, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics (OUSD AT&L). There, Dr. St. Germain designed and led the successful DoD 2014 Strategic Portfolio Review for Space, a special assignment task for the Deputy Secretary of Defense to develop a strategy and implementation plan for adapting to evolving challenges in the space domain.  Dr. St. Germain also led the Remote Sensing and Prompt Strike Division within SSI, where she was responsible for acquisition shaping and oversight of DoD strategic missile warning and space-based environmental monitoring portfolio, and the Program Director of the Conventional Prompt Global Strike Program.

Prior to her work on operational systems, Dr. St. Germain had a successful research career at the University of Massachusetts, the University of Nebraska, and the Naval Research Laboratory. Her research took her to the Arctic and Antarctic on ice-breakers, through hurricanes and tropical storms on NOAA’s P-3s, and on a snowmobile traverse of the Greenland ice sheet. She and her colleagues developed and successfully transitioned a new ocean surface wind vector observation technique from airborne proof-of-concept to the WindSat Coriolis space-borne demonstration. 

Dr. St. Germain holds a Bachelor of Science degree in electrical engineering from Union College (1987) and a Doctor of Philosophy degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Massachusetts (1993).  She is also a Distinguished Graduate of the National War College, National Defense University where she earned a Master of Science degree in National Security Strategy in 2013.


Dan St. Jean Deputy Director

Office of Systems Architecture and Advanced Planning NOAA/NESDIS

Info coming shortly


Mark F. Mulholland

Policies, Procedures, and Systems Assurance Division (PPSAD) Chief

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Mark F. Mulholland is responsible for developing and implementing NESDIS-wide systems engineering best practices for satellite and ground systems.  He advises the NESDIS senior staff on a wide variety of issues involving the domestic and international civil, commercial, and national security space sectors and brings NOAA’s perspectives to a wide range of interagency space policy working groups.  He is the senior NOAA representative on the United National Committee on Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNCOPUOS) Long-term Sustainability Working Group; led NOAA’s efforts in U.S. satellite export control reform; and, developed responses to radio frequency spectrum auctions adversely affecting NOAA satellites and ground systems.

In addition to ten years at NOAA, his nearly 40-year career includes 22 years in the U.S. Air Force and National Reconnaissance Office (NRO), federal civilian positions in the Missile Defense Agency and Defense Technology Security Administration, and private sector positions with Trident Data Systems and Ball Aerospace.  He earned a B.S. in Aeronautical Engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in 1976, an M.S. in Aeronautical Engineering from the Air Force Institute of Technology in 1978, and completed the Leadership in the 21st Century course at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government in 2012.


Frank W. Gallagher III, Ph.D.

System Architecture and Requirements Division (SARD) Chief

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Dr. Frank Gallagher comes to NESDIS from the Department of Defense's U.S. Army Dugway Proving Ground in northern Utah. He was most recently the Meteorological Operations Branch Chief and Technical Director of Army Research, Development, Test and Evaluation Meteorology. His group provided meteorological forecasting, instrumentation, and data analysis support for the Army Test and Evaluation Command at Dugway and seven other test ranges.  Prior to working at Dugway, he received his doctorate from the University of Oklahoma, studying meteorological instrumentation and the optical properties of severe and nonsevere thunderstorms and spent additional five years as a visiting professor.  Prior to his doctoral studies, he also worked as an electrical engineer as a meteorological instrumentation and digital designer.  Dr. Gallagher earned his Master's degree in Meteorology from the University of Maryland and Meteorology and Electrical Engineering Bachelor degrees from the Pennsylvania State University.