Deep Space Climate Observatory

DSCOVR mission logo with the words Deep Space Climate Observatory, NOAA - NASA - USAF.  The DSCOVR satellite is shown between Earth and the Sun.

NOAA’s Office of Projects, Planning, and Analysis (OPPA) conducts planning, system studies, system acquisition, design, integration, and evaluation of operational environmental satellite projects. OPPA defines system concept and performance objectives and specifications, based on requirements, for implementation by current or future environmental satellite projects. Additionally, OPPA leads the NOAA-wide development of the NOAA Integrated Earth Observation and Data Management System Portfolio.

The launch vehicle for the DSCOVR mission blasting off from the launch pad with clouds of smoke and fire.

A NOAA/NASA/DoD project, DSCOVR is an environmental satellite that launched on February 11, 2015 and orbits the Sun at approximately 1.5 million kilometers from Earth on the line between the Earth and the Sun. Planned to operate for 5 years, DSCOVR carries out its primary mission to provide solar wind thermal plasma and magnetic field measurements to enable space weather forecasting by NOAA. DSCOVR also provides Earth science observations by imaging the Sun-lit disk of Earth in 10 spectral bands with a spatial resolution of 12 km or better, to determine ozone, aerosol, cloud cover, cloud height, vegetation, and leaf area indices, and measures the Earth reflected irradiance in the wavelength range of 0.2 - 100 microns. In addition to NOAA’s ground antennas, an international partnership, Real Time Solar Wind Network (RTSWnet), will receive data from DSCOVR.

For more information about DSCOVR, please visit the NESDIS DSCOVR website.

Diagram showing the position of the DSCOVR satellite relative to the Earth and the Sun at the L1 Lagrange orbit point.