Center for Earth System Sciences and Remote Sensing Technologies (CESSRST)
NOAA-CESSRST, a cooperative science center, was established in 2016 through a national competition and is funded by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The participating institutions are geographically distributed across the nation and enjoy a high enrollment of under-represented minority students. CESSRST builds on the successes of 15 years of NOAA funding for the Center for Remote Sensing Science and Technologies (NOAA-CREST) as a national leader in STEM workforce development and by supporting NOAA missions related to Earth Systems observations, monitoring through application of environmental satellites and ground-based remote sensing technologies.
The mission of the center is to educate, train and graduate a new generation of diverse and competent cadre of students, and to create a diverse and skilled workforce in NOAA mission-aligned STEM and social science disciplines through participation in state-of-the-art research.
Cooperative Institute for Satellite Earth System Studies (CISESS)
The CUNY is a partner institution of CISESS. CISESS enhances understanding of how the natural components of the Earth system—atmosphere, ocean, land, and biosphere—interact with human activities. CISESS researchers will use environmental data from JPSS satellites to develop new, more accurate products that help NOAA improve weather and climate forecasts.
JPSS Monitors Snowfall Rates in New York from Space
A major nor’easter swept through the Mid-Atlantic on March 14–15, 2017 and moved up the east coast of the U.S. spreading heavy snow across parts of central New York and northeast Pennsylvania. The blizzard’s evolution was captured by the National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS) Snowfall Rate (SFR) product, which provides a unique, space-based perspective on the locations of frozen precipitation that can be used to easily identify the extent of a snow storm and the location of the most intense snowfall. SFR utilizes measurements from several satellite sensors including the Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder aboard the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s polar-orbiting spacecraft, NOAA-20, and the joint NOAA/NASA Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (Suomi NPP).
JPSS Satellites Help Understand Ice Formation and Concentration on the Great Lakes
Understanding of ice cover and concentration on the Great Lakes is critical to a number of industries in the region, from water power generation to commercial shipping to fishing. The JPSS satellites provide data that help to forecast and monitor ice formation and concentration on the lakes throughout the winter.
The VIIRS instrument on NOAA-20 and Suomi NPP gathers data that gives scientists and forecasters insight into the surface temperatures on the lakes, helping them understand where and when ice might form.
Additionally, data collected by the ATMS instrument on both satellites is incorporated into a product that shows the amount of area on the lakes covered by ice, also known as lake ice concentration. One of the great benefits of this information is that it isn’t affected by the persistent clouds that are common over the Great Lakes in winter.
The 2020-2021 winter season saw great swings in ice cover on the Great Lakes. Much of the season, from December 1, 2020, through April 30, 2021, saw very low ice cover, except in February when a blast of frigid Arctic air resulted in a rapid but short-lived appearance of ice.
The data from multiple instruments on JPSS satellites helps to better understand and predict ice cover on the Great Lakes, which is helpful for multiple industries that affect citizens’ everyday lives.