Center for Earth System Sciences and Remote Sensing Technologies (CESSRST)
San Diego State University is a partner institution of CESSRST. A cooperative science center, CESSRST was established in 2016 through a national competition and is funded by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The participating institutions are geographically distributed across the nation and enjoy a high enrollment of under-represented minority students. CESSRST builds on the successes of 15 years of NOAA funding for the Center for Remote Sensing Science and Technologies (NOAA-CREST) as a national leader in STEM workforce development and by supporting NOAA missions related to Earth Systems observations, monitoring through application of environmental satellites and ground-based remote sensing technologies.
The mission of the center is to educate, train and graduate a new generation of diverse and competent cadre of students, and to create a diverse and skilled workforce in NOAA mission-aligned STEM and social science disciplines through participation in state-of-the-art research.
Cooperative Institute for Marine Ecosystems and Climate
CIMEC is a partnership of ocean, climate and ecosystem research between NOAA and several key universities in California. CIMEC conducts research under four themes: climate and coastal observations, analysis, and prediction; climate research and impacts; marine ecosystems; and ecosystem-based management. CIMEC’s products are used for near-term forecasts of the ocean and atmosphere and for the assessment and prediction of long-term change.
During Historic Droughts, JPSS Data Proves Vital
In 2014, the majority of California was affected by the worst drought on record. Emergency managers used a complement of JPSS land surface temperature, soil moisture and vegetation products derived from multiple instruments to predict and respond to dangerous drought conditions throughout the world, including the 2014 California drought. Earlier and more accurate predictions of drought help the nation’s leaders, decision makers, emergency managers and the media to better provide increased warnings to the public. Also, proper drought predictions and monitoring can assist farmers in scheduling and maximizing crops, preparing for water conservation actions.
JPSS Satellites Help Provide Data for Health and Safety during California Wildfires
More than 4.1 million acres of land burned in California in the record-breaking 2020 wildfire season, according to the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (Cal Fire). All but one of California�s current top five largest wildfires in recorded history occurred in fall 2020.
The fires resulted in thick clouds of smoke that crossed the country and traversed the globe. Wildfire smoke can significant impact public health, particularly in vulnerable populations, such as those with allergies or asthma. During these fires, forecasters relied on the High-Resolution Rapid Refresh Smoke Model, which uses fire radiative power data from the VIIRS instrument on NOAA-20 and Suomi NPP, to inform the public about air quality in their region.
Additionally, Suomi NPP and NOAA-20 fire data was provided to Cal Fire to help monitor fire perimeters and more in the effort to fight these massive fires.
Northrop Grumman Space Systems
Contractor building the Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder (ATMS) instrument. ATMS provides critical atmospheric temperature and moisture profiles that allow forecasters to improve predictions of storm tracks, precipitation and weather patterns.
Raytheon Intelligence & Space
Contractor building the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) instrument. VIIRS supports high-resolution visible and infrared imagery of hurricanes and detection of fires, smoke and volcano eruptions.
United Launch Alliance (ULA)
ULA provides the launch vehicles for the JPSS 1-2 satellites. JPSS-1, now called NOAA-20, was successfully launched from Vandenburg Air Force Base on Nov. 18, 2017.