NOAA improves weather forecasting and severe weather prediction with each generation of environmental satellites.
Within the next four years, NOAA’s satellite constellation will include JPSS-1 and the first six COSMIC-2 satellites (COSMIC-2A).
JPSS-1, or NOAA-20 as it will be known once it reaches orbit, is the second spacecraft within NOAA's next generation of polar-orbiting satellites.
Considered the backbone of the global observing system, data from polar-orbiting satellites are critical for forecasting weather three to seven days in advance and monitoring the global environment.
The satellite is scheduled to launch in Fall of 2017 aboard a Delta-II Mission rocket. JPSS-1 will take advantage of the successful technologies and instruments developed and flown aboard its predecessor, the Suomi NPP satellite.
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Consisting of six satellites, COSMIC-2A is expected to launch in 2017. These six satellites will augment the current COSMIC, providing a significant increase in geographic coverage, quantity, and quality of observations.
COSMIC-2A is a continuing joint effort between the U.S. and the National Space Organization of Taiwan. These satellites provide relatively cost-effective and highly accurate atmospheric measurements, including three-dimensional profiles of temperature, humidity, and pressure, as well as electron density in the ionosphere.
The COSMIC-2A satellites will be launched into an equatorial orbit aboard a SpaceX Falcon Heavy rocket.