COSMIC-2 data can be collected in all weather conditions over land and sea. The radio occultation technique gives scientists a near real-time snapshot of atmospheric conditions, including:
- Air pressure
- Water vapor content (humidity)
These data are important for computer models used in medium and long-range weather forecasts.
What that means
- Global tropical data coverage
At a 24-degree inclination, the COSMIC-2 constellation will take frequent measurements of the region where tropical storms form.
- Improved weather forecast models
COSMIC-2 observations are expected to improve the accuracy of weather forecast models.
- High-resolution water vapor data
This new data will help meteorologists better observe, research and forecast hurricanes, typhoons and other storms.
- Space-weather monitoring
The ability to monitor the effects of solar flares and other space weather will increase lead time for detecting events that could put our electric grids at risk.
- Global temperature and climate monitoring
Highly accurate tropical temperature reading will help us better understand long-term variations in Earth’s climate. COSMIC-2 data can also be used to test and improve climate models.