Deep Space Climate Observatory

NOAA’s Office of Projects, Planning, and Analysis (OPPA) conducts planning, system studies, system acquisition, design, integration, and evaluation of operational environmental satellite projects. OPPA defines system concept and performance objectives and specifications, based on requirements, for implementation by current or future environmental satellite projects. Additionally, OPPA leads the NOAA-wide development of the NOAA Integrated Earth Observation and Data Management System Portfolio.

A NOAA/NASA/DoD project, DSCOVR is an environmental satellite that launched on February 11, 2015 and orbits the Sun at approximately 1.5 million kilometers from Earth on the line between the Earth and the Sun. Planned to operate for 5 years, DSCOVR carries out its primary mission to provide solar wind thermal plasma and magnetic field measurements to enable space weather forecasting by NOAA. DSCOVR also provides Earth science observations by imaging the Sun-lit disk of Earth in 10 spectral bands with a spatial resolution of 12 km or better, to determine ozone, aerosol, cloud cover, cloud height, vegetation, and leaf area indices, and measures the Earth reflected irradiance in the wavelength range of 0.2 - 100 microns. In addition to NOAA’s ground antennas, an international partnership, Real Time Solar Wind Network (RTSWnet), will receive data from DSCOVR.

NOAA/OPPA activities in support of the DSCOVR program involve program management, spacecraft operation, planning for continuation of service, to reimburse NASA for spacecraft refurbishment, and to process and archive data for geomagnetic storm warnings and issue timely alerts.

For more information about DSCOVR, please visit the NESDIS DSCOVR website.