NOAA -- The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

GOES-16

 

NOAA’s GOES-S and GOES-T Satellites Coming Together

August 14, 2017

This time lapse movie shows widespread individual thunderstorms mushrooming in the Amazon basin on the afternoon and evening of Thursday, August 10th, 2017. At the end of the movie, horizontally extensive lightning flashes in the evening can be observed across the tops of the mature and long-lived electrified clouds. This imagery was taken by GOES-16's lightning mapper.

 


NOAA’s GOES-S and GOES-T Satellites Coming Together

August 3, 2017

NOAA’s GOES-S and GOES-T Satellites Coming Together

Progress continues on the development of NOAA's GOES-S and GOES-T spacecraft that will follow the successful launch of GOES-16 last November. The GOES-S satellite is fully integrated and is currently undergoing its final functional testing to confirm it successfully passed mechanical and thermal environmental testing. Advancement has also been made in the assembly of the third satellite of the GOES-R series, GOES-T. Five of its instruments were delivered to the Lockheed Martin facility in Littleton, Colorado. The majority of the spacecraft avionics have been integrated to the GOES-T system module and functional testing is underway.

To learn more about the latest developments with GOES-S and -T, click here.


GOES-S Set to Begin Electromagnetic Testing in August

July 18, 2017

GOES-S Set to Begin Electromagnetic Testing in August

GOES-S recently completed a review to assess its readiness to enter final testing to ensure the spacecraft can withstand the harsh environments of launch and space. The satellite was cleared to begin electromagnetic testing in August, which will confirm the electromagnetic signals produced by satellite’s components do not interfere with its operation. GOES-S has already completed  the other environmental tests necessary to prepare it for launch. Vibration testing simulates the stresses experienced during launch to make sure there are no structural weaknesses. 

Shock testing replicates the shocks encountered during, for example, the separation and deployment of solar panels after launch. Acoustics testing uses high-intensity horns to subject the satellite to extreme high sound pressure that simulates the launch environment. The satellite also underwent thermal vacuum testing, completed this spring, during which it was subjected to extreme hot and cold temperatures to simulate the conditions of launch and the space environment. GOES-S is scheduled to launch in spring 2018, joining GOES-16 in geostationary orbit to watch over the Western Hemisphere.


GOES-16 set to become GOES-EAST in November 

May 25, 2017

In the GOES East position, 75 degrees West, GOES-16 will cover a region including the West Coast of Africa, the central Atlantic Ocean, and the continental United States.
In the GOES East position, 75 degrees West, GOES-16 will cover a region including the West Coast of Africa, the central Atlantic Ocean, and the continental United States.

 

GOES-16, the most advanced weather satellite NOAA has ever developed, will be moved to the GOES-East position once it is declared operational in November. NOAA officials announced the decision regarding GOES-16’s placement earlier today, during the 2017 Atlantic Hurricane Season Outlook news conference at NOAA’s Center for Weather and Climate Prediction in College Park, Maryland.

“GOES-16 will be placed in the east position where it can observe the entire continental U.S., and monitor areas most vulnerable to tornadoes, floods, land-falling tropical storms, hurricanes and other severe storms,” said Stephen Volz, Ph.D., director, NOAA’s Satellite and Information Service. To read more about GOES-16’s placement, visit the NOAA.gov website

National Weather Service Releases the 2017 Hurricane Outlook

The Atlantic Hurricane Season runs from June 1 through November 30 and, based on this year’s outlook, forecasters predict a 70 percent likelihood of 11 to 17 named storms (winds of 39 mph or higher). Of those named storms, 5 to 9 could become hurricanes (winds of 74 mph or higher), including 2 to 4 major hurricanes (category 3, 4, or 5; winds of 111 mph or higher). Read the full 2017 Atlantic Hurricane Season Outlook at NOAA.gov and get tips on preparing for hurricanes and other types of severe weather at NOAA’s Weather-Ready Nation website.

Top 3 Terms to Know for Hurricane Season 

As part of that preparation, take a moment to familiarize yourself with these three hurricane-related terms you’re likely to hear as this year’s hurricane season progresses.

Hurricane Disasters: Calculating the Damage

Hurricanes and other weather disasters can cause billions of dollars of damage. During 2016, Americans experienced 15 weather disasters costing more than $1 billion dollars each—the second highest number of events since 1980. Insurers have their own plans to help them cover losses resulting from severe weather. These back-up plans are known as “reinsurance.” 

Watch industry professionals discuss how they use environmental data from NOAA to model potential catastrophes and to gauge damage after they occur.  You can also get a quick overview of the subject or dig into the details in our case study (PDF).


GOES-16's Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM) Captured Electrifying Imagery of the Lightning

May 3, 2017

GOES-16's Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM) captured this electrifying imagery of the lightning associated with the recent severe weather over the Mississippi Valley and southern Plains this past weekend. (The animation begins at approximately noon on Friday, April 28, 2017, and ends at midnight on Saturday, April, 29.)

According to a variety of media reports, the storms caused the deaths of at least 13 people, produced widespread heavy rain resulting in flash floods, high winds that down trees and left thousands without power, a late-season blizzard in Kansas, and several tornadoes.

GLM observes total lightning, including in-cloud and cloud to ground lightning, and will continually observe lightning flashes day and night across the Western Hemisphere. Of particular note in this animation is the horizontal propagation of lightning flashes occurring behind the line of intense storms. Rapid increases of lightning are a signal that a storm is strengthening and could become more dangerous. GLM, in concert with other forecaster tools, will help provide more accurate and earlier warnings of developing severe storms and give communities more time to prepare for impending severe weather.

This animation appears here courtesy of Lockheed Martin, which built the GLM. To learn more about the instrument and how it will improve the forecasting of dangerous weather, go to goo.gl/MkesoS

Please note: GOES-16 data are currently experimental and under-going testing and hence should not be used operationally.


GOES-16 Imagery of Deadly Storms in the Central United States

May 1, 2017

GOES-16 captured this amazing infrared imagery of the strong storms that erupted over over parts of the southern Plains and Mississippi Valley this past weekend. According to a variety of media reports, the storms caused the deaths of at least 13 people, produced widespread heavy rain resulting in flash floods, high winds that down trees and left thousands without power, a late-season blizzard in Kansas, and several tornadoes.

This animation was created with Band-13, one of the new spectral bands offered by GOES-16's Advanced Baseline Imager. Band-13, the so-called "clean" longwave infrared band, is primarily used to monitor clouds and storm intensity. As shown here, the imagery produced by this band offers spectacular views of meteorological phenomena, such as the colder cloud tops (shown in green/yellow/red) associated with these storms, in rich detail.


SUVI Sees a Solar Flare

April 24, 2017

See videos of the eruption in three channels here

On Tuesday, April 18, the Solar Ultraviolet Imager (SUVI) on GOES-16 observed a large solar eruption linked to a C5 class solar flare. C-flares are moderate events without a lot of impact on space weather near Earth, but the eruption itself was a large and dramatic one that might have had some space weather consequences had it been directed towards the Earth. Instead, the eruption blasted harmlessly into interplanetary space far from Earth, but the location where it occurred, just on the limb of the Sun, gave SUVI an fabulous view of the event.

Large eruptions like this one can cause large-scale restructuring of the sun’s magnetic field. In these movies you can see just how this happens, as solar magnetic field loops, filled with million-degree solar plasma, are first opened up by the eruption and eventually close back down again. We see a large darkening near the eruption as material from the sun’s atmosphere pours out into space, and a subsequent re-brightening as that material is slowly replenished afterwards. We also see another classic signature of solar eruptions, so-called post-flare loops, an arcade of glowing magnetic loops that form in the wake of the eruption. These are brand new magnetic field structures, formed by the very processes that extract stored energy in the sun’s magnetic field that power both the the eruption and bright flare that accompanies it.

 


A High-Altitude Plane takes to the Sky for NOAA's GOES-16 Field Campaign

April 17, 2017

A High-Altitude Plane takes to the Sky for GOES-16 Field Campaign

 

Flying out of Palmdale, California, a NASA’s ER-2 high-altitude plane and its suite of highly specialized instruments recently took to the air over the Sonoran Desert in Mexico and the Mojave Desert in Ivanpah, California, on March 23 and 28 to validate GOES-16’s Advanced Baseline Imager — the satellite’s primary instrument.

Read More


Preparing GOES-16 for Operations

March 30, 2017

Preparing GOES-16 for Operations

Once a satellite is successfully launched, there is a still a lot of work that goes into making sure it’s ready to provide data for your local weather forecast.

The GOES-16 satellite was launched in November 2016 and is currently in the post-launch testing phase to prepare it for operations later this year. Post-launch testing ensures the GOES-16 satellite and ground system can perform the mission of providing critical atmospheric, hydrologic, oceanic, climatic, solar and space data for forecasts and warnings.

So what does all this mean? Launching a satellite is like opening a new restaurant. Post-launch testing is like a soft opening with a limited audience, which allows for trouble-shooting and preparing for the grand opening.

During post-launch testing, there are periodic, planned data outages that are necessary to perform specific verification and validation functions. These outages are generally brief and part of normal post-launch testing, and they are part of the reason it’s important not to depend on GOES-16 data for operational needs during the testing period.

The post-launch test phase is expected to complete in June, at which time the satellite will be handed over to the NOAA Office of Satellite and Product Operations. After that time, GOES-16 will undergo an additional six months of extended validation before moving to its final location in November, when GOES-16 data will be deemed operational. During this validation period, additional testing outages may occur.

 


Scientists Begin Field Campaign for NOAA’s GOES-16

March 27, 2017

Scientists Begin Field Campaign for NOAA’s GOES-16

GOES-16 is ready to embark on another major milestone— The GOES-16 Field Campaign! During this three-month event, scientists and engineers will use an assemblage of high-altitude planes, ground-based sensors, drones, and satellites to fine-tune GOES-16’s suite of brand new instruments!

Over the next several weeks, scientists will use this technology to collect measurements over various parts of Earth, from arid desserts and areas of dense vegetation, to open oceans and storms exhibiting lightning activity--nearly everything NOAA’s GOES satellites see from their orbit 22,300 miles above the Earth.

At the same time, GOES-16’s operators will obtain measurements of the same locations using two of the satellite’s most revolutionary instruments—the Advanced Baseline Imager and the Geostationary Lightning Mapper. The data sets from these instruments will be analyzed and compared to the data collected by the planes, drones, and ground sensors to validate and calibrate the instruments on the satellite.

Read more...


A Note to the Weather Community about Using GOES-16 Data

March 9, 2017

NOAA's National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service appreciates the enthusiasm in the weather community and support for our newest on-orbit satellite, GOES-16, which will enhance the weather forecasts that save lives and protect property nationwide.

At this time, data from GOES-16 are considered preliminary and are undergoing validation testing. NOAA is therefore requesting that any organizations that redistribute GOES-16 data -- before it is declared operational -- include the following disclaimer with the data:

"NOAA's GOES-16 satellite has not been declared operational and its data are preliminary and undergoing testing."

Users receiving these data through any dissemination means (including, but not limited to, PDA and GOES Rebroadcast) assume all risk related to their use of GOES-16 data and NOAA disclaims any and all warranties, whether express or implied, including (without limitation) any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.

It is expected that GOES 16 data will be declared operational, approximately 6-12 months after launch, which occurred in November 2016.


Flashy First Images Arrive from NOAA’s GOES-16 Lightning Mapper

Satellite’s instrument will help forecasters pinpoint severe storms sooner

March 6, 2017

Detecting and predicting lightning just got a lot easier. The first images from a new instrument onboard NOAA’s GOES-16 satellite are giving NOAA National Weather Service forecasters richer information about lightning that will help them alert the public to dangerous weather.

The first lightning detector in a geostationary orbit, the Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM), is transmitting data never before available to forecasters. The mapper continually looks for lightning flashes in the Western Hemisphere, so forecasters know when a storm is forming, intensifying and becoming more dangerous. Rapid increases of lightning are a signal that a storm is strengthening quickly and could produce severe weather.

During heavy rain, GLM data will show when thunderstorms are stalled or if they are gathering strength. When combined with radar and other satellite data, GLM data may help forecasters anticipate severe weather and issue flood and flash flood warnings sooner. In dry areas, especially in the western United States, information from the instrument will help forecasters, and ultimately firefighters, identify areas prone to wildfires sparked by lightning.

Lightning data captured on February 14, 2017
This image shows lightning data captured on February 14, 2017 over the course of an hour and displayed over an image of the Western Hemisphere from the Advanced Baseline Imager on GOES-16. Brighter colors indicate more lightning energy was recorded; color bar units are the calculated kilowatt-hours of total optical emissions from lightning. The brightest storm system is located over the Gulf Coast of Texas, the same storm system in the accompanying video. 

Accurate tracking of lightning and thunderstorms over the oceans, too distant for land-based radar and sometimes difficult to see with satellites, will support safe navigation for aviators and mariners.

The new mapper also detects in-cloud lightning, which often occurs five to 10 minutes or more before potentially deadly cloud-to-ground strikes. This means more precious time for forecasters to alert those involved in outdoor activities of the developing threat. 

Learn more about GOES-16 and all its exciting possibilities for weather forecasting improvements by visiting the GOES-16 website & to download the MP4 video click here.


SUVI Instrument On Board NOAA's GOES-16 Sends First Solar Images

February 27, 2017

 

The first images from the Solar Ultraviolet Imager (SUVI) instrument aboard NOAA’s GOES-16 satellite captured a large coronal hole on the sun on January 29, 2017. The sun’s 11-year activity cycle is currently approaching solar minimum and during this time powerful solar flares become scarce and coronal holes become the primary space weather threat. Once operational, SUVI will capture full-disk solar images around-the-clock and will be able to see more of the environment around the sun than earlier NOAA geostationary satellites.

The sun’s upper atmosphere, or solar corona, consists of extremely hot plasma, an ionized gas. This plasma interacts with the sun’s powerful magnetic field, generating bright loops of material that can be heated to millions of degrees. Outside hot coronal loops, there are cool, dark regions called filaments which can erupt and become a key source of space weather when the sun is active. Other dark regions are called coronal holes, which occur where the sun’s magnetic field allows plasma to stream away from the sun at high speed, resulting in cooler areas. The effects linked to coronal holes are generally milder than those of coronal mass ejections, but when the outflow of solar particles in intense, they can still pose risks to Earth.

These six images show the sun in each of SUVI's six wavelength, each of which is used to see a different aspect of solar phenomena, such as coronal holes, flares, coronal mass ejections, and so on.
These six images show the sun in each of SUVI's six wavelength, each of which is used to see a different aspect of solar phenomena, such as coronal holes, flares, coronal mass ejections, and so on.

The solar corona is so hot that it is best observed with X-ray and extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) cameras. Various elements emit light at specific EUV and X-ray wavelengths depending on their temperature, so by observing in several different wavelengths, a picture of the complete temperature structure of the corona can be made. The GOES-16 SUVI observes the sun in six EUV channels.

Note: GOES-16 data are currently experimental and under-going testing and hence should not be used operationally. To see more imagery from GOES-16 and other updates about the satellite, visit the GOES-16 image gallery.


NOAA’s GOES-16 Sees Northeast Winter Storm Strengthen

February 14, 2017

 

This captivating water vapor imagery from GOES-16 shows the intensification of the winter storm that brought heavy snow to Maine and other areas of the Northeast yesterday, February 13, 2017.

According to NOAA's Weather Prediction Center, as the yesterday's winter storm in the Northeast moved off the coast and over the northwestern Atlantic, its surface pressure dropped from 996 hectopascals (hPA) at 11:00 am yesterday to 972 hPA at 10:30 pm, a drop of 24 hPA in 18.5 hours. (A hectopascal (hPA) is aA unit of pressure equal to a millibar.)

This rapid drop in barometric pressure is what meteorologists sometimes refer to as a "bomb," a term the NOAA Glossary defines as "the rapid intensification of a cyclone (aka: low pressure system) wherein the surface pressure falls by at least 24 millibars in a 24 hour period." (The term "bombogenesis" -- a combination of "bomb" and "cyclogenesis" -- which means the development of a cyclonic circulation) -- is sometimes used to describe these types of systems.

Although the surface circulation isn't visible in this water vapor imagery, which was created with the Advanced Baseline Imager's Band 9, the associated mid- and upper-level circulation can be seen. By the end of the loop (approximately 5:30 am today, February 14), the circulation had strengthened further, and formed a tight spiral, wrapping the mid- and upper level clouds, and water vapor completely around it.

Note: GOES-16 data are currently experimental and under-going testing and hence should not be used operationally. 


NOAA's GOES-16 Watches Winter Storm over the East Coast

February 13, 2017

 

 

GOES-16 captured a potent low pressure system as it moved off the east coast of the U.S. and out over the Atlantic this morning. Before heading out to sea, the storm dumped more than 20 inches of new snow over portions of coastal Maine, and more than 10 inches of snow over a significant portion of New England. Peak wind gusts were clocked at 63 miles per hour in Maryland and some areas of Pennsylvania received a 1/4 inch of ice accumulation.

This animation was created with the Advanced Baseline Imager's (ABI) band 5, which is often referred to as the "snow/ice band" because it will be used to assist with daytime cloud, snow, and ice discrimination among other tasks. Band 5 is one of the new spectral bands on GOES-16 that the previous GOES imagers do not have. As the sun rises, higher clouds cast shadows on the lower cloud deck, and band 5 allows forecasters to differentiate between clouds composed of liquid water and those composed of ice crystals.

Note: GOES-16 data are currently experimental and under-going testing and hence should not be used operationally. To learn more about Band 5 of the Advanced Baseline Imager, go to goo.gl/DrQIir


Winter Storm Water Vapor Imagery Shows Benefits of NOAA's GOES-16

February 13, 2017

 

The current GOES imager only has one mid-level water vapor band, while the Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) on GOES-16 has three. This allows ABI to capture water vapor features and atmospheric motion within more layers of the atmosphere, which helps numerical weather prediction models better depict of the current state of the atmosphere, and leads to better forecasts of storm development and movement.

For example, note the finer spatial resolution of ABI band (approximately 2 km) as compared to the imager aboard GOES-13 (approximately 4 km). The fine detail of small-scale mountain waves can be seen in the ABI data, but not in the current GOES images. Similarly, during the later portion of the animation, a post-cold-frontal trough can be seen offshore moving southward in the imagery from GOES-16, but not in the GOES-13 imagery. The faster processing afforded by ABI is also evident, with 5 minute imagery, versus 15 or 30 minute from the current GOES imager. More frequent imagery is important, as it allows for quicker detection of fast-developing convection and other phenomena.

The fine detail of small-scale mountain waves can be seen in the ABI data

New Data from NOAA GOES-16’s Space Environment In-Situ Suite (SEISS) Instrument

February 10, 2017

This plot of seiss data shows injections of protons and electrons observed by the Magnetospheric Particle Sensors (MPS-HI) and Solar Galactic Proton Sensor (SGPS) on January 19, 2017
This plot of SEISS data shows injections of protons and electrons observed by the Magnetospheric Particle Sensors MPS-HI and Solar and Galactic Proton Sensor (SGPS) on January 19, 2017. MPS-HI and SGPS are two of the individual sensor units on SEISS. The fluxes shown are from the MPS-HI telescopes that look radially outward from the Earth, and from the lowest-energy channel observed by the eastward-looking SGPS.  

 

The new Space Environment In‐Situ Suite (SEISS) instrument onboard NOAA’s GOES-16 is working and successfully sending data back to Earth!

This plot shows how fluxes of charged particles increased over a few minutes around the satellite on January 19, 2017. These particles are often associated with brilliant displays of aurora borealis at northern latitudes and australis at southern latitudes; however, they can pose a radiation hazard to astronauts and other satellites, and threaten radio communications.

Information from SEISS will help NOAA's Space Weather Prediction Center provide early warning of these high flux events, so astronauts, satellite operators and others can take action to protect lives and equipment.

SEISS is composed of five energetic particle sensor units. The SEISS sensors have been collecting data continuously since January 8, 2017, with an amplitude, energy and time resolution that is greater than earlier generations of NOAA’s geostationary satellites.

SEISS was built by Assurance Technology Corporation and its subcontractor, the University of New Hampshire. To learn more about the SEISS instrument, click here.


NOAA's GOES-16's Extreme Ultraviolet and X-Ray Irradiance Sensors Observes Solar Flares

February 3, 2017

The figure shows an example of EXIS observations at two different wavelengths of a flare that peaked at 11:05 UTC [6:05 a.m. EST] on January 21, 2017.
The figure shows an example of EXIS observations at two different wavelengths of a flare that peaked at 11:05 UTC [6:05 a.m. EST] on January 21, 2017. This is a relatively small flare, yet the brightness of the sun in soft (lower energy) X-rays increased by a factor of 16. EXIS will give NOAA and space weather forecasters the first indication that a flare is occurring on the sun, as well as the strength of the flare, how long it lasts, the location of the flare on the sun, and the potential for impacts here at Earth.

On January 21, 2017, the GOES-16 Extreme Ultraviolet and X-Ray Irradiance Sensors (EXIS) observed solar flares.

Solar flares are huge eruptions of energy on the sun and often produce clouds of plasma traveling more than a million miles an hour. When these clouds reach Earth they can cause radio communications blackouts, disruptions to electric power grids, errors in GPS navigation, and hazards to satellites and astronauts.

The EXIS instrument on NOAA’s GOES-16, built by the University of Colorado’s Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics in Boulder, Colorado, measures solar flares at several wavelengths and improves upon current capabilities by capturing larger flares, measuring the location of the flares on the sun, and measuring flares in more wavelengths. The GOES-16 EXIS will provide forecasters at the NOAA’s Space Weather Prediction Center with early indications of impending space weather storms so they can issue alerts, watches and warnings.

Current geostationary satellites measure solar X-ray and extreme ultraviolet fluxes. The higher resolution EXIS instrument will provide new capabilities, including the ability to capture larger solar flares.

The figure shows an example of EXIS observations at two different wavelengths of a flare that peaked at 11:05 UTC [6:05 a.m. EST] on January 21, 2017. This is a relatively small flare, yet the brightness of the sun in soft (lower energy) X-rays increased by a factor of 16. EXIS will give NOAA and space weather forecasters the first indication that a flare is occurring on the sun, as well as the strength of the flare, how long it lasts, the location of the flare on the sun, and the potential for impacts here at Earth.

Click here to learn more about GOES-16's EXIS instrument.


NOAA’s GOES-16 Satellite Sends First Images to Earth

January 17, 2017

This composite color full-disk visible image was captured at 1:07pm EST on January 15, 2017 and created using several of the 16 spectral channels available on the ABI.
This composite color full-disk visible image was captured at 1:07pm EST on January 15, 2017 and created using several of the 16 spectral channels available on the ABI. The image shows North and South America and the surrounding oceans. GOES-16 observes Earth from from the coast of West Africa, to Hawaii, and everything in between.

The first images from GOES-16 have arrived! Join us in marveling at theses breath-taking, high-resolution images from NOAA's next-generation geostationary satellite and get a glimpse of the future of and weather forecasting! These incredibly sharp images from GOES-16's Advanced Baseline Imager will enable scientists to explore the Earth's atmosphere and weather like never before, and usher in an era of new weather forecasting possibilities.

See what all the buzz is about. Read the GOES-16 first images press release and check out our image gallery.


Scientists Receive Preliminary Data from GOES-16's Magnetometer

January 5, 2017

Mag Uncalibrated Data Chart

On December 22, scientists received preliminary data from the outboard magnetometer (MAG) instrument aboard GOES-16!

MAG observations of Earth's geomagnetic field strength are an important part of NOAA’s space weather mission, with the data used in space weather forecasting, model validation, and for developing new space weather models. The GOES-16 MAG samples five times faster than previous GOES magnetometers, which increases the range of space weather phenomena that can be measured. (You can learn more about the GOES-16's magnetometer at goo.gl/cAfjQw.)

Earth’s geomagnetic field acts as a shield, protecting us from hazardous incoming solar radiation. Geomagnetic storms, caused by eruptions on the surface of the sun, can interfere with communications and navigation systems, cause damage to satellites, cause health risks to astronauts, and threaten power utilities. When a solar flare occurs, GOES-16 will tell space weather forecasters where it happened on the sun and how strong it was. Using that information, forecasters can determine if the explosion of energy is coming toward Earth or not.

Learn more about space weather and our infrastructure at http://go.usa.gov/x8y34


Is that a buffalo...in space?

December 16, 2016

The University of Colorado Laboratory for Atmospheric Physics works the CU mascot into the design of GOES-16's EXIS instrument

The University of Colorado (CU) Laboratory for Atmospheric Physics (LASP) always finds a way to work an image of the CU Boulder mascot Ralphie, an American Bison, into everything they build-- including an instrument on GOES-16!

Ralphie is quite literally front-and-center on GOES-16's Extreme Ultraviolet and X-Ray Irradiance Sensors, or EXIS. The sensors are critical to understanding and monitoring solar irradiance in the upper atmosphere, that is, the power and effect of the sun's electromagnetic radiation per unit of area.

The buffalo image is integrated into their mirrored blanket support bracket located on the front of the EXIS EUVS subsystem, seen here in this picture. Learn more about EXIS here.


GOES-16 Continues to Come to Life

December 12, 2016

Over the last week, GOES-16 has deployed its magnetometer boom; powered on its ABI, GLM, SUVI, and EXIS instruments; and its ground stations are now receiving space weather data from the spacecraft! The satellite's instruments will continue to progress through their planned testing and calibration phases over the next several weeks.

Earth’s geomagnetic field acts as a shield, protecting us from hazardous incoming solar radiation. Geomagnetic storms, caused by eruptions on the surface of the sun, can interfere with communications and navigation systems, cause damage to satellites, cause health risks to astronauts, and threaten power utilities. When a solar flare occurs, GOES-16 will tell space weather forecasters where it happened on the sun and how strong it was. Using that information, forecasters can determine if the explosion of energy is coming toward Earth or not.

Once a geomagnetic storm reaches Earth, GOES-16 will measure the invisible magnetic field and particle radiation environment that surrounds the planet. These measurements will tell forecasters exactly what is happening, providing minute by minute updates as the geomagnetic storm progresses.

This video shows GOES-16's magnetometer being deployed during testing here on Earth.


GOES-16 and its ground systems prepare for testing

December 6, 2016

Artist rendering of the GOES-R spacecraft

After a series of maneuvers, conducted using the satellite's hydrazine bipropellent thrusters (HBTs), GOES-16 has placed itself in its designated 89.5 degree West longitude checkout location where it will undergo an extended checkout and validation phase of approximately one year.

Within the next few weeks, GOES-16's magnetometer boom will be deployed and the satellite's primary instruments, the ABI, GLM, SUVI, EXIS, and SEISS, will be powered on and tested!

The GOES-R ground system is also reporting that the system is stable and preforming very well. The ground systems have successfully supported launch, orbit raising, and spacecraft activation and will now prepare for the first data to begin flowing from the satellite.


GOES-R is now GOES-16!

November 30, 2016

Artist rendering of the GOES-R spacecraft with Earth reflecting in solar panel

Yesterday, November 29, 2016, NOAA's GOES-R satellite executed its final liquid apogee engine burn without anomaly. This has placed the satellite approximately 22,000 miles away with an inclination of 0.0 degrees, meaning it has reached geostationary orbit. GOES-R is now GOES-16!

Later today, GOES-16 will perform its second stage solar array deployment, releasing the solar array yoke and solar pointing platform. In the days that follow, the software will be transitioned from the 'orbit raising' mission phase to 'operational,' several maneuvers will be conducted to adjust the satellites precise orbit, and the magnetometer boom will be deployed. Testing and calibration of GOES-16 will then begin.


GOES-R Update: November 23, 2016

November 23, 2016

Artist rendering of the GOES-R spacecraft

Since launch on Saturday, November 19, GOES-R has transitioned to the ‘orbit raising’ phase of the mission and is making its way to geostationary orbit. The spacecraft is currently positioned in a sun-point attitude, which allows its solar array to harness the sun’s power.

The GOES-R team has performed the first liquid apogee engine (LAE) burn without anomaly. This engine burn is part of a series of LAEs that will help position GOES-R in geostationary orbit. The next major milestone will be the second stage deployment of GOES-R’s solar array, which is currently scheduled to occur on November 30, 2016.


What's next for GOES-R?

November 21, 2016

The GOES-R Satellite Launching

NOAA's GOES-R satellite launched from Kennedy Space Center in Florida this weekend at 6;42pm on November 19, 2016. But what's next for the nation's most advanced weather satellite to-date?

The GOES-R team has confirmed satellite communication and power. Over the next several days, team members will perform a series of maneuvers to bring the satellite into geostationary orbit. This is expected to occur approximately 16 days after launch.

Once GOES-R is placed in geostationary orbit, it will undergo an extended checkout and validation phase lasting approximately one year. The satellite will transition to operations immediately afterward. Whether it will serve as GOES East or GOES West has yet to be determined. The final decision will be based on the health and performance of the NOAA GOES constellation.

Click here to read more about the launch of GOES-R.

For the latest news about GOES-R, now GOES-16, stay tuned to the GOES-R launch page.


We have lift off! NOAA’s GOES-R satellite heads to orbit

November 19, 2016

The GOES-R Satellite Launching

GOES-R, the first of NOAA’s highly advanced geostationary weather satellites, has successfully lifted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida at 6:42pm EST and is on its way to orbit! Read the full story here.


Space Craft Separation

November 19, 2016

Spacecraft separation has been confirmed and GOES-R is flying free in space for the first time! Good luck GOES-R!! Here is one last live look at GOES-R as it heads off into space to start its mission.


We Have Lift Off!!

November 19, 2016

GO GOES-R GO!!

We have liftoff of GOES-R, NOAA’s revolutionary next-generation geostationary weather satellite! The satellite is now on its way to orbit. Follow along on Twitter by following @NOAASatellites.


It's Show Time!

November 19, 2016

GOES-R on the launch pad, launch in 2 hours

Watch the launch live at www.nasa.gov/nasatv. You can also get live launch updates and follow along on Twitter by following @NOAAsatellites and checking in right here on the offical GOES-R launch page.

 


Launch Day is Here!

November 19, 2016

GOES-R on the launch pad

It’s showtime! GOES-R, NOAA’s next-generation geostationary weather satellite, launches today at approximately 5:42pm EST.

For live coverage of the launch and all of the pre-launch activities, click here for NASA TV downlink, schedule information, and streaming video. Coverage will begin this evening at 4:45pm EST.

You can also get live launch updates and follow along on Twitter by following @NOAAsatellites and checking in right here on the official GOES-R launch page.


GOES-R's New Imager is Faster and Clearer than Ever

November 17, 2016

GOES-R is NOAA’s most advanced geostationary weather satellite to-date. But how different can it really be?

Imagine going from a black and white TV to high definition overnight. GOES-R is faster and clearer than current GOES satellites, providing forecasters with more detail and more information than ever before.

Using a powerful new instrument, called the Advanced Baseline Imager, or ABI, GOES-R will provide data and imagery about weather over the entire Western Hemisphere in real-time-- it can even do it as frequently as every 30 seconds! This enables NOAA to gather data using three times more channels, four times the resolution, at five times faster than before. This faster, more accurate data means better observations of developing storms. The ABI will be used for a wide range of applications related to weather, oceans, land, climate and hazards.

This video from Japan’s Himawari-8 satellite, which uses a nearly identical imager to the one that will be aboard GOES-R, shows the incredible detail and clarity that will be available from NOAA’s new satellite. Located over the Asia-Pacific region, Himawari-8 provides geostationary Earth observations over the Eastern Hemisphere. This data, along with other geostationary satellites around the globe, help provide a more complete understanding of Earth from 22,000 miles away.

Learn more about the ABI.


GOES-R's Revolutionary Lightning Mapper

November 16, 2016

Did you know that NOAA’s GOES-R satellite will carry the first operational lightning mapper ever flown in space?

Based on years of research, the Geostationary Lightning Mapper, or GLM, is a revolutionary new instrument that will measure total lightning (in-cloud, cloud-to-cloud and cloud-to-ground) activity continuously over the Americas and adjacent ocean regions with near-uniform spatial resolution.

Severe weather often exhibits a significant increase in lightning activity many minutes before radar can detect a potential storm. This data visualization shows actual lightning measurements captured by an array of ground-based lightning detectors capable of tracing how lightning propagates through the atmosphere. It simulates how the GOES-R Geostationary Lightning Mapper will monitor atmospheric flashes in and around potentially severe weather. This technology could provide critical minutes of valuable warning time in advance of approaching severe storms.


GOES-R: Monitoring Space Weather

November 15, 2016

GOES-R will be a game changer for forecasting across the United States, but did you know Earth’s weather is not the only weather the satellite will monitor?

In today’s digital world, space weather is no joke. Geomagnetic storms, caused by eruptions on the surface of the sun, can interfere with communications and navigation systems on Earth, threaten power utilities, damage satellites, and cause risk to astronauts. GOES-R has a suite of instruments that play a critical role in monitoring space weather.

Check out this video to learn more about how GOES-R’s instruments will support NOAA’s Space Weather Prediction Center.

Not sure what space weather is? Check out this story on space weather and Earth’s infrastructure.


GOES-R: A helping hand for those who need it

November 14, 2016

SARSAT Diagram

GOES-R, the nation’s most advanced weather satellite to date, will not only provide more weather and environmental information than ever before, it will also provide a helping hand to stranded hikers, sailors, and pilots.

Equipped with a transponder that detects emergency distress signals emitted from emergency beacons, GOES-R will relay the location of activated beacons to NOAA, who will notify search and rescue personnel at the U.S. Coast Guard or Air Force. Since SARSAT began in 1982, the program has aided in the rescue of nearly 40,000 people worldwide, including roughly 8,000 within the United States and its surrounding waters. In fact, on August 24, 2016, NOAA Satellites aided in the rescue of 45 people stranded at sea. It was the largest single rescue event in, or around, the United States credited to NOAA’s role in the international Search and Rescue Satellite Aided Tracking (SARSAT) system.

Learn more about GOES-R and SARSAT.


GOES-R: Coming to an orbit 22,240 miles from you!

November 14, 2016

In just 5 days… coming to an orbit 22,240 miles from you… GOES-R: NOAA’s next-generation geostationary weather satellite! Faster, more accurate, and more advanced than any NOAA GOES satellite to date, GOES-R will be a game changer for weather forecasting across the country.


GOES-R to Launch November 19, 5:42 PM EST

November 10, 2016

An Atlas V rocket is set to lift off Nov. 19 at 5:42 p.m. EST to deliver NOAA’s latest-generation weather satellite, GOES-R, into orbit. After several months of processing at Astrotech in Titusville, Florida, the GOES-R spacecraft has been encapsulated inside a payload fairing for protection during the climb through Earth’s atmosphere aboard an ULA Atlas V launch vehicle on the way to orbit. Carrying the most advanced sensors of their kind, the GOES-R spacecraft will fly more than 22,000 miles above Earth where it will offer weather forecasters an unblinking eye on conditions on the planet below.


New Launch Date

November 7, 2016

The launch of GOES-R from Cape Canaveral, FL is now scheduled for no earlier than November 19, 2016 pending approval.


Launch Delayed

November 3, 2016

The launch of a United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V carrying the GOES-R weather satellite for NOAA and NASA is being rescheduled from November 16, 2016. The postponement was caused by the same minor Atlas V booster issue discovered on ULA's WorldView-4 mission scheduled to launch from Vandenberg Air Force Base. The team is actively working towards a resolution. NOAA will provide an update on a new launch date once it is established.


GOES-R Gets Encapsulated

October 31, 2016

GOES-R Preparation Photo

Last week, team members with United Launch Alliance (ULA) worked to encapsulate NOAA's GOES-R satellite in its payload fairing -- another major step in the countdown to launch!

The payload fairing is a specially designed nose cone that, in addition to creating a more aerodynamic profile, encapsulates the satellite, protecting it during the ascent through Earth's atmosphere. Once in space, the fairing is no longer needed and is ejected. This is when GOES-R will be exposed to space for the first time.


Making a Weather Forecast with GOES-R

October 26, 2016

GOES-R will keep a close eye on Earth's weather, but it is over 22,000 miles away in space! Have you ever wondered how your local weather forecaster knows what GOES-R is seeing? Learn how this state-of-the-art satellite's data will be used to create weather forecasts across the country from our number 1 expert-- GOES-R!


November 16 Approved as New Launch Date

October 25, 2016

NOAA continues to work with its partners -- NASA, ULA, and the U.S. Air Force’s 45th Space Wing – preparing for the launch of the GOES-R spacecraft. The new launch date of November 16th has been approved by the 45th Space Wing and the mission team continues to make good progress recovering from the Hurricane Matthew impacts.


Launch Delayed: Assessments Continue

October 18, 2016

NOAA continues to work with its partners -- NASA, United Launch Alliance (ULA) and the U.S. Air Force’s 45th Space Wing -- to assess the infrastructure and facilities necessary for GOES-R launch following Hurricane Matthew. Additional assessments are underway to fully understand the impact the storm had on local facilities. Before Hurricane Matthew, the launch date was set for November 4, 2016.

Once Matthew passed, the launch team began an initial assessment of the launch infrastructure and determined that a move of the launch date is needed based on the storm's impacts. ULA, for planning purposes, has requested a new range date of no earlier than November 16, pending approval from the 45th Space Wing. Throughout the storm, the GOES-R spacecraft remained safe inside Astrotech Space Operations, in Titusville, Fla. NOAA will provide an update as new details become available.


Determining Impacts from Hurricane Matthew

October 12, 2016

The GOES-R satellite reaches another major milestone today as it flies from Littleton, Colorado to Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida. Once there, technicians will unwrap the satellite in what is called the “clean room.” Over the next several weeks, the satellite will be prepared for its important mission in space.

 


Safety Measures: Hurricane Matthew 

October 7, 2016

In advance of Hurricane Matthew, the team preparing NOAA’s GOES-R spacecraft for launch took appropriate safety measures to secure the satellite at its present location -- Astrotech Space Operations in Titusville, Fla. GOES-R is contained in a building that can withstand strong (category 4) hurricane conditions. After the effects of Hurricane Matthew subside, NOAA and NASA will carefully assess the spacecraft and provide an update on its status.


GOES-R takes another step towards space today!

August 22, 2016

GOES-R Preparation Photo

The GOES-R satellite reaches another major milestone today as it flies from Littleton, Colorado to Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida. Once there, technicians will unwrap the satellite in what is called the “clean room.” Over the next several weeks, the satellite will be prepared for its important mission in space.

Shipping a satellite is no small feat, however. GOES-R is over 18 feet wide and weighs over 6,000 lb! It will be stored in a special satellite shipping container aboard a massive C-5 airplane as it makes the journey across the country.

“This milestone is a great achievement for the entire GOES-R team, who have worked tirelessly to get the spacecraft to Florida,” said Greg Mandt, NOAA’s GOES-R system program director. “Moving forward, we are focused on preparing this highly advanced weather satellite for its historic launch in just a few short months.”

GOES-R is scheduled to launch Nov. 4 at 5:40 p.m. EDT aboard an Atlas V 541 rocket from Space Launch Complex 41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida.

Be sure to stay tuned to the NOAA Satellites Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram accounts over the next few days to see updates on the process!

Update

Yesterday, NOAA’s GOES-R satellite was officially unveiled after its journey from Littleton, Colorado to Cape Canaveral, Florida. After landing, the satellite was moved to its storage facility where technicians quickly began work to unpack and inspect the satellite. The successful shipment of GOES-R has brought the satellite another step closer to space and to revolutionizing weather forecasting across the United States.

Click here to see more photos of the shipment process here!

Can’t get enough GOES-R? Tune in to the NBC Today Show tomorrow morning, August 25, during the 8am EDT hour and the NBC Nightly News tomorrow evening. See a behind the scenes look at the revolutionary new satellite and a special interview with Al Roker and Dr. Stephen Volz, NESDIS Assistant Administrator.


Learn about GOES-R like never before!

May 25, 2016

GOES-R Preparation Photo

Five times faster weather coverage, better data for hurricane tracking and intensity forecasts, real-time mapping of total lightning for improved severe weather forecasts, advanced warning of space weather hazards, and improved transportation safety-- all from ONE satellite!

With the revolutionary GOES-R satellite, scheduled to launch November 4, 2016, NOAA is poised to once again significantly improve weather forecasting and severe weather prediction.

Learn more about all of the amazing things GOES-R will do in our brand new story map, "GOES-R: The Future of NOAA's Geostationary Weather Satellites."


GOES-R Rehearsals: Preparing to Deploy

May 11, 2016

GOES-R Preparation Photo

In preparation for this fall's launch of GOES-R, the GOES-R team has begun a series of important rehearsals.

Using a satellite simulator, the GOES-R team is practicing crucial steps in the satellite's deployment, including orbit raising, post-separation events, solar array deployment, and propulsion system readiness— under both normal and contingency conditions – to train operators and test the satellite's ground systems.

Learn more about these detailed and important mission rehearsals!


GOES-R and Global Partnerships

June 15, 2016

GOES-R and Global Partnerships

GOES-R is launching soon and we're not the only ones excited about it. GOES-R will be a game-changer for the entire Western Hemisphere!

Seeing from the coast of West Africa to Guam and everything in between, NOAA's geostationary satellites provide vital data and information for meteorologists and academics throughout the Americas, Europe, Asia and Africa. Learn more about GOES-R's global partnerships and how scientists around the world are preparing for GOES-R's amazing capabilities here.


Meet GOES-R!

July 21, 2016

NOAA scientists joined the Reddit community to discuss GOES-R: Changing the Future of Hurricane Forecasting.

On July 21, 2016, NOAA scientists joined the Reddit community to discuss GOES-R: Changing the Future of Hurricane Forecasting.

Dr. Steve Goodman, GOES-R's senior scientist, and Andrea Schumacher, CIRA research associate and GOES-R/JPSS satellite liaison to the National Hurricane Center, answered a wide range of questions about NOAA's state-of-the-art satellite, hurricanes, and the future of hurricane forecasting. Read the full conversations here!


GOES-R Scientists Participate in a Live Reddit AMA!

December 9, 2015

From weather and hazards on Earth to search and rescue and bursts of energy from the sun, the GOES-R satellite will see it all from 22,300 miles above our planet! Before the satellite goes to space in November, be sure to check out this video and let GOES-R tell you a little about itself!